Tips & Tricks
There are many tips and tricks that
you should follow when bringing plants into your home, some are common,
like knowing how much to water the plant, to how much light it should
get. Below you will find a list of some suggestions about caring for
your indoor garden.
Lighting for the plant. Now this is
the first thing that you should consider when starting your inside
garden, how much light does the plant need? This is important
because most houses wouldn't have enough light to handle a plant
that needs a lot of light. So, the lighting in your house becomes
essential even before you start your inside garden or bringing
any plant into your house, because the amount of light in your
house will determine what types of plants would grow there. So
make sure to consider this before bringing any plant into your
house. You should select plants that require medium to low light,
unless you plan on supplying the plant with artificial lighting.
Some plants that are medium to low light would be a Boston fern,
Philodendrons, etc. Here are a few other tips regarding lighting
in the house:
During the summer months put the
plants outside, this will usually boost up the plant and give
it a new spurt of energy
Because a plant will turn to the
light, you should rotate the plant, this will promote an upright
There are a few ways you can tell
if your plant is getting enough light or not. If it
isn't getting enough light, it usually will have small leaves,
thin stems, and the color of the plant will be lighter than
Artificial lighting, with a fluorescent
lamp, etc, can be used to supplement a house with limited
Condition your plants when you
buy them. You have to do this because the place where you
buy the plant will usually have more lighting than your home
and the plant can go into a shock of sorts and lose it's foliage.
Now to condition your plant, make sure you give it the maximum
amount of light your house has, and then gradually reduce
the amount of light to be equal to the spot where you want
the plant to end up.
Not every plant has the same needs when it comes to watering,
but there are some basic rules you should follow:
Wet the soil thoroughly, and the
water should be able to drain out of the bottom of the pot.
How much you water, and how often purely depends on the type
of plant that you are dealing with, so read the seeds or ask
the person selling you the plant, how much water does this
Now, don't over water, that's probably
what kills most plants. If you have too wet of a soil constantly
it will lead to problems with the roots. You'll notice that
the leaves will become yellow, that's because there is not
enough oxygen in the soil because it is too wet.
When watering the plants, try to
use water that is the same temperature as the room. This will
insure that the plant doesn't have any shock from too cold
or hot water.
As with watering, different plants will thrive under different
conditions, one of which is the temperature. As a general rule
temperatures between 65-75 degrees Fahrenheit, during the day
and 10-15 degrees cooler at night. Now this will not cover all
plants, but this is the range for most of the house plants. Here
are a few more tips to follow:
The temperature can go up or down
by 10 degrees from the ranges above, it will not kill the
Rapid changes in temperature, either
colder or hotter, can cause damage to your plant.
If a plant is grown at a hotter
temperature than is needed, it will be small, weak. If it
is grown in a too cool temperature the leaves will have a
yellowish look and will fall off.
Pots and Containers:
Make sure that you have a pot that
can adequately allow the water to drain out of it. Also, before
putting a plant in a pot you have used for another plant, make
sure you clean it out. Just incase some disease that may effect
the next plant.
The level of moisture in the air can also effect how a plant grows.
Low humidity, in most plants, not all, will cause dry leaves and
curling. Increase the humidity of the room with a humidifier,
especially during winter when the heat is on and the humidity
drops. You could also spray the leaves with water, but do it in
the morning, if done overnight the leaves can rot.
Once again, this is one of those tips that is based purely on
the type of plant that you have, different plants need different
levels. Other factors include, how fast do you want the plant
to grow, how much sunlight there is, how many times you water
it, etc. As a general rule, for plants that are growing very quickly,
you should fertilize every 2 to 3 months, but for dormant plants,
you shouldn't fertilize at all. Since these are indoor plants,
that receive less sun than normal, you really don't have to fertilize
them too often. If you see burned or dried leaves, you can have
a pretty good guess that the plant has been over fertilized.